Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) by Philip K. Dick

“We live in a society in which spurious realities are manufactured by the media, by governments, by big corporations, by religious groups, political groups. I ask, in my writing, ‘What is real?’ Because unceasingly we are bombarded with pseudo realities manufactured by very sophisticated people using very sophisticated electronic mechanisms.” – Philip K. Dick


Philip K. Dick was almost always questioning “reality” in his works. His stories often have the effect of making the reader question “What is real?” There is a brilliant scene in Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? where Dick has his main character grasping at the edges of his own reality as his everyday life seems about to be pulled from under him.
 *(spoiler warning)*   Imagine if you are taken, suddenly, to a different branch of your workplace. It’s in the same city but you have never heard of it until now. There is no record of you on the company files and no one has ever heard of you there.*(spoiler end)*  How would you feel? Perhaps you would feel a bit like Dick himself who began to question whether he was writing his stories or his stories were writing him. “Sometimes it feels like I’m living in a PKD novel.” (Thanks to The Exegesis of PKD and nikki@bookpunks for organising the read-a-long!).

This is not quite a five-star classic but there is something about it that I just love. It was my second time to read it and I feel I got a lot more from it this time. On the surface it seems like a rather simple detective story set in a speculative near-future with androids as the villains. But there is so much more going on in here. This slim volume addresses themes of loneliness, sentience, the value of life, emotions, empathy, reality, and the influence of a celebrity-worshipping media. It also offers a glimpse of what a future religion might be like with people using a kind of virtual reality “empathy box” to share their moods and co-experience pain and suffering. Most of the characters feel real right from the start, and the world Dick describes is very well realised, despite his brief, rather simple descriptions.

“When he landed the police department hovercar on the roof of the Rosen Association Building in Seattle he found a young woman waiting for him. Black-haired and slender, wearing the new huge dust-filtering glasses, she approached his car, her hands deep in the pockets of her brightly striped long coat. She had, on her sharply defined small face, an expression of sullen distaste.”


It is mundane as well as futuristic. The main character, android bounty hunter Rick Deckard, worries about work, about his wife’s moods, about making enough money to buy a pet. He questions his ability to perform his job, complains of being tired, and worries about what the neighbors think. There is an interesting depiction of peer pressure involving the ownership of “real” rather than “artificial” animals. Flesh and blood animals have become rare due to the radioactive dust in the Earth’s atmosphere. Thus we witness Deckard spending a lot of his time checking the price listings of animals in pet catalogues and haggling in pet stores. An electric sheep isn’t good enough for him. He wants something real. And if the neighbours or his co-workers ever found out his sheep was artificial, ….

“God” Rick said futilely, and gestured empty-handed. “I want to have an animal; I keep trying to buy one. But on my salary, on what a city employee makes -”.


Another strong theme in the book is loneliness. Dick paints a bleak picture of empty, abandoned apartment blocks in which the silence is palpable and the build up of “kipple” goes unnoticed. J.R. Isidore lives in one of these apartments by himself. He has some form of genetic defect which prevents him from leaving Earth for an off-world colony. One of the escaped androids, Pris Statton, moves into the same block prompting Isidore to seek out her company. Isidore’s willingness to aid Pris and the other androids, despite them being murderers, highlights his desperation for any kind of companionship.


“You have to be with other people, he thought. In order to live at all. I mean before they came here I could stand it… But now it has changed. You can’t go back, he thought. You can’t go from people to nonpeople.”



Ridley Scott’s film adaptation ‘Bladerunner’ receives most of the attention and plaudits these days. It has become a touchstone against which other SF movies are judged. I love the film, and have done since I was an impressionable teenager. But I love the book even more. I think that if you are a fan of the movie, this book will add so much to your Bladerunner experience. It goes deeper than the celluloid version. It asks more questions of you, and it contains more ideas than Ridley’s vision.

Highly recommended! Just remember that it is not the same as the film version.



7 thoughts on “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) by Philip K. Dick

  1. Not a five star classic?why not?I wouldn’t have thought from your enthusiastic review,that you describe with such profound depth and insight,that you did.You don’t seem to have any qualms about it’s brilliance

    This is definitely one of his greatest books I think.I prefer it to “Ubik”,that’s often cited as one of his best.It’s better constructed and developed,with a less brittle prose than “Ubik”,that seems to meander and rush along at a fast pace to it’s conclusion,despite it’s brilliance.DADOES seeps out effortlessly and feels firm and concrete,gradually revealing it’s mysteries.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thank you for your kind words, Richard. Yes, I love this book. The reason I said it isn’t a five-star classic is just because I’m strict with my ratings, (although I’m not a big fan of rating books with stars or points). I haven’t read many PKD novels yet, so I can’t compare it to his other works. I’ve joined nikki@bookpunks’ “The Exegesis with a Side of Fiction” read along, so I’m hoping to improve my PKD knowledge month by month. So far, we’ve read ‘Ubik’ and ‘Radio Free Albemuth’. ‘VALIS’ is next up in March, and I’m looking forward to it.

      I like your comment about ‘Electric Sheep’ “seeping out effortlessly and feeling firm and concrete, gradually revealing it’s mysteries”. I know what you mean. I’m glad to hear you rate it so highly, too.


      • It’s one of those that will definitely endure when other SF books and short fiction have been forgotten.Unlike the dark days when Dick was hidden in the shadows of SF,it’s become quite a famous novel,so it’s almost a cliche to say how great it is,but the truth of it’s brilliance was recognised within the deep,gloomy core of SF from the onset.

        His early novels,such as “Eye in the Sky” and “Time Out of Joint” are worth reading,as are those of the 1960s,such as “The Man in the High Castle”,”The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch” and “Galactic Pot-Healer” to name but a few,and “A Scanner Darkly” is probably the best of his later stuff.I don’t know which of those you’ve read,but I don’t think any of them are better than DADOES,and it would be interesting to know how you compare it with them.

        Liked by 1 person

  2. Pingback: VALIS (1981) by Philip K. Dick | Who's Dreaming Who

  3. Pingback: Ubik (1969) by Philip K. Dick | Who's Dreaming Who

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